I absolutely hate cleaning so when it comes to finding products that will do most of the heavy lifting for me, I’m all in! We talk a lot about using Waltz D, a hard surface disinfectant, around the home; that’s our job! But what exactly makes it so effective?

Defining Disinfectants

Let’s start by actually figuring out what makes a disinfectant work.

(n) a chemical liquid that destroys bacteria; (adj) causing the destruction of bacteria


Bacteria, viruses, and germs comes in all different forms – like the well known E. coli, Staph, flu, molds, and more. Those microorganisms live all around our homes, even if we can’t see them. So, we need a disinfectant that is going to rid our homes of these nasty things.

The ingredients in disinfectants kill bacteria by causing the proteins of the bacterial cell to become damaged. Therefore, the outer layers of the cells will rupture and render the bacteria dead. When it loses function, the bacteria is no longer harmful to our health.

Action Against Bacteria

There are essentially three ways a disinfectant takes action against bacteria.

  1. cross-linking, coagulating, clumping: the ingredients react with bacteria and causes them to clump together, and therefore lose function, for easy removal.
  2. structure and function disruption: also known as denaturation, proteins in the bacteria lose structure when reacting with disinfectants. Losing structure disrupts the normal functions of the cell and leads to cell death.
  3. oxidizing: by combining ingredients with oxygen, the cell membrane of the bacteria loses structure and dies.

All of these methods of action lead to the primary function of disinfectants – render the bacteria harmless by killing the cells.

Types of Disinfectants

While there are several types of disinfectants, I’m going to focus on the biggest two.


Alcohol-based disinfectants act against bacteria by clumping the bacterial proteins together so they lose function. Alcohol disinfectants have to take another step and be diluted in water before they can work. Alcohol without dilution is not effective in denaturing the proteins of bacteria.

Problems arise because, while disinfectants are great at killing bacteria, their ingredients are often harmful or toxic to humans and animals. Alcohol is obviously an issue because not only is it toxic, it is flammable. Alcohol-based disinfectants also dry out easily and often evaporate faster than the appropriate dwell time they need to effectively kill all bacteria.


Chlorine works to oxidize the proteins and lipids of bacteria. In fact, hypochlorous acid has the most effect on bacterial cells because the ingredients target key metabolic enzymes to destroy. Chlorine disinfectants work great in water systems and on hard surfaces.

The greatest example of a chlorine disinfectant is bleach, but we run into the problem of toxicity.

The Waltz D Difference

Seeing the issue of toxicity and the need for an effective disinfectant, AvKARE developed Waltz D. By combining cell technology, salt, and electricity to alter the molecular structure of water, we created a non-toxic, oxidized, antimicrobial solution.

Waltz D reacts with and destroys the cell walls of bacteria causing necrosis (cell walls rupture) or apoptosis (programmed cell death). Both actions render the bacteria harmless.

The best part is that the process to create Waltz D and its application are completely non-toxic, non-caustic, non-corrosive, and non-flammable, unlike some of the other disinfectants. It is EPA registered as a disinfectant, deodorizer, and sanitizer. The FDA has even approved Waltz D for food processing applications. Yes! It’s completely safe to use around food, your home, and your pets!

So the next time you need to disinfect your home, think about the product you are using. We definitely don’t want to be cleaning with pesticides. I know I would feel better knowing that the disinfectants in my cabinets aren’t a fire risk. Learn more about all of these things, including more types of disinfectant ingredients at the following places.

CDC on Chemical Disinfectants

Cleaning and Maintenance Management : The Science of Disinfectants

Waltz D : How it works | Efficacy | Disinfect, Sanitize, Deodorize | SDS